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What is in a Cigarette

Read what tobacco companies do not want smokers to know (pdf)

Have You Ever Wondered What's In a Cigarette?

Information from

What's In Cigarette Smoke?

Cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals, including 43 known cancer-causing (carcinogenic) compounds and 400 other toxins. These include nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide, as well as formaldehyde, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, arsenic, and DDT.

Nicotine is highly addictive. Smoke containing nicotine is inhaled into the lungs, and the nicotine reaches your brain in just six seconds.

Nicotine in small doses acts as a stimulant to the brain. In large doses, it's a depressant, inhibiting the flow of signals between nerve cells. In even larger doses, it's a lethal poison, affecting the heart, blood vessels, and hormones. Nicotine in the bloodstream acts to make the smoker feel calm.

As a cigarette is smoked, the amount of tar inhaled into the lungs increases, and the last puff contains more than twice as much tar as the first puff. Carbon monoxide makes it harder for red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body. Tar is a mixture of substances that together form a sticky mass in the lungs.

Most of the chemicals inhaled in cigarette smoke stay in the lungs. The more you inhale, the better it feels—and the greater the damage to your lungs.

Cigarette Maker Now Lists Ingredients

For the first time, an American tobacco company has begun listing long-secret ingredients contained in its cigarettes directly on the label. Liggett Group Inc. introduced cartons that the company plans to begin using that list the ingredients in its L&M cigarettes, including molasses, phenylacetic acid and the oil of the East Indian mint called patchouli. The move comes as the state of Massachusetts is trying to compel disclosure of all ingredients by all cigarette makers, an effort that other major tobacco companies are fighting.

Liggett, which broke with the industry by signing the first settlements ever with states and private attorneys suing it, supports the Massachusetts effort as well. "Liggett believes that its adult consumers have a right to full disclosure," Liggett head Bennett S. LeBow said in a statement. Along with blended tobacco and water, the 26-item L&M list includes high fructose corn syrup, sugar, natural and artificial licorice flavor, menthol, artificial milk chocolate and natural chocolate flavor, valerian root extract, molasses and vanilla extracts, and cedarwood oil. Less familiar additives include glycerol, propylene glycol, isovaleric acid, hexanoic acid and 3-methylpentanoic acid.

Some 600 ingredients are used in American cigarettes, but a Liggett spokesman said the L&M statement was a "quite exhaustive list" of every ingredient used in that brand.

Ingredients in tobacco products have never been proved harmful -- especially when compared with the many toxins found in tobacco smoke itself. But activists have long pushed for disclosure of the ingredients, in part because consumers tend to be more wary of risks imposed upon them by others than of the risks they knowingly choose.

The companies have provided lists of ingredients to the federal Department of Health and Human Services for more than a decade, but government officials are legally not allowed to release the information. The industry also presented a composite list of 599 additives to congressional investigators in 1994, but that was never officially made public.

David Remes, an attorney who represents the four other tobacco companies challenging the state of Massachusetts, said the case comes down to the industry's right to protect its trade secrets.

Lowell Kleinman, M.D., and Deborah Messina-Kleinman, M.P.H. Health Columnists

Cigarette flavors have gone through many changes since cigarettes were first made. Initially, cigarettes were unfiltered, allowing the full "flavor" of the tar to come through. As the public became concerned about the health effects of smoking, filters were added. While this helped alleviate the public's fears, the result was a cigarette that tasted too bitter.

Filters Don't Work
Filters do not remove enough tar to make cigarettes less dangerous. They are just a marketing ploy to trick you into thinking you are smoking a safer cigarette.

The solution to the bitter-tasting cigarette was easy -- have some chemists add taste-improving chemicals to the tobacco. Unfortunately, some of these chemicals also cause cancer.

But not all of the chemicals in your cigarettes are there for taste enhancement. For example, a chemical very similar to rocket fuel helps keep the tip of the cigarette burning at an extremely hot temperature. This allows the nicotine in tobacco to turn into a vapor so your lungs can absorb it more easily.

Toilet Bowl Cleaner?
Most people prefer to use ammonia for things such as cleaning windows and toilet bowls. You may be surprised to learn that the tobacco industry has found some additional uses for this household product. By adding ammonia to your cigarettes, nicotine in its vapor form can be absorbed through your lungs more quickly. This, in turn, means your brain can get a higher dose of nicotine with each puff.

The complete list of chemicals added to your cigarettes is too long to list here. Here are some examples that will surprise you:

  • Fungicides and pesticides -- Cause many types of cancers and birth defects.
  • Cadmium -- Linked to lung and prostate cancer.
  • Benzene -- Linked to leukemia.
  • Formaldehyde -- Linked to lung cancer.
  • Nickel -- Causes increased susceptibility to lung infections.

If you are angry that so many things have been added to the cigarettes you enjoy so much, you should be. Many of these chemicals were added to make you better able to tolerate toxic amounts of cigarette smoke. They were added without regard to your health and with the intent to keep you addicted. As the tobacco industry saying goes, "An addicted customer is a customer for life, no matter how short that life is."

Make sure that you have the last laugh. Regardless of the countless chemicals in your cigarettes, quitting is always your option.

Perhaps this list of ingredients that are found in cigarettes is enough to make you want to quit smoking for good!

There are more than 4,000 ingredients in a cigarette other than tobacco. Common additives include yeast, wine, caffeine, beeswax and chocolate. Here are some other ingredients:

Ammonia: Household cleaner
Angelica root extract: Known to cause cancer in animals
Arsenic: Used in rat poisons
Benzene: Used in making dyes, synthetic rubber
Butane: Gas; used in lighter fluid
Carbon monoxide: Poisonous gas
Cadmium: Used in batteries
Cyanide: Deadly poison
DDT: A banned insecticide
Ethyl Furoate: Causes liver damage in animals
Lead: Poisonous in high doses
Formaldehiyde: Used to preserve dead specimens
Methoprene: Insecticide
Megastigmatrienone: Chemical naturally found in grapefruit juice
Maltitol: Sweetener for diabetics
Napthalene: Ingredient in mothballs
Methyl isocyanate: Its accidental release killed 2000 people in Bhopal, India in 1984
Polonium: Cancer-causing radioactive element


What's in a Cigarette?
by K. H. Ginzel, M.D.

For those who still don't know — let me emphatically state that cigarette smoking is a true addiction! To grasp this well-documented fact, one really doesn't have to study all the supporting scientific evidence. One simply needs to consider that no other drug is self-administered with the persistence, regularity and frequency of a cigarette. At an average rate of ten puffs per cigarette, a one to three pack-a-day smoker inhales 70,000 to 200,000 individual doses of mainstream smoke during a single year. Ever since its large scale industrial production early in this century, the popularity of the modern cigarette has been spreading like wildfire. Here is the first, and perhaps the most significant answer to the title question: Addiction is in a cigarette.

Probing into what makes a cigarette so irresistible, we find that much of the recent research corroborates earlier claims: It is for the nicotine in tobacco that the smoker smokes, the chewer chews, and the dipper dips. Hence, nicotine is in a cigarette.

In contrast to other drugs, nicotine delivery from tobacco carries an ominous burden of chemical poisons and cancer-producing substances that boggle the mind. Many toxic agents are in a cigarette. However, additional toxicants are manufactured during the smoking process by the chemical reactions occurring in the glowing tip of the cigarette. The number is staggering: more than 4,000 hazardous compounds are present in the smoke that smokers draw into their lungs and which escapes into the environment between puffs.

The burning of tobacco generates more than 150 billion tar particles per cubic inch, constituting the visible portion of cigarette smoke. According to chemists at R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, cigarette smoke is 10,000 times more concentrated than the automobile pollution at rush hour on a freeway. The lungs of smokers, puffing a daily ration of 20 to 60 low to high tar cigarettes, collect an annual deposit of one-quarter to one and one-half pounds of the gooey black material, amounting to a total of 15 to 90 million pounds of carcinogen-packed tar for the aggregate of current American smokers. Hence, tar is in a cigarette.

But visible smoke contributes only 5-8% to the total output of a cigarette. The remaining bulk that cannot be seen makes up the so-called vapor or gas phase of cigarette "smoke." It contains, besides nitrogen and oxygen, a bewildering assortment of toxic gases, such as carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, acrolein, hydrogen cyanide, and nitrogen oxides, to name just a few. Smokers efficiently extract almost 90% of the particulate as well as gaseous constituents (about 50% in the case of carbon monoxide) from the mainstream smoke of the 600 billion cigarettes consumed annually in the U.S. In addition, 2.25 million metric tons of sidestream smoke chemicals pollute the enclosed air spaces of homes, offices, conference rooms, bars, restaurants, and automobiles in this country. Hence, pollution is in a cigarette.

The witch's brew of poisons invades the organs and tissues of smokers and nonsmokers, adults and children, born as well as unborn, and causes cancer, emphysema, heart disease, fetal growth retardation and other problems during pregnancy. The harm inflicted by all other addictions combined pales in comparison. Smoking-related illness, for example, claims in a few days as many victims as cocaine does in a whole year. Hence, disease is in a cigarette.

The irony is that many of the poisons found in cigarette smoke are subject to strict regulation by federal laws which, on the other hand, specifically exempt tobacco products. "Acceptable Daily Intake," ADI, is the amount of a chemical an individual can be exposed to for an extended period without apparent detriment to health.

In addition, there is the chemical burden from sidestream smoke, afflicting smokers and non-smokers alike. Based on the reported concentrations in enclosed, cigarette smoke-polluted areas, the estimated intakes of nicotine, acrolein, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and formaldehyde peak at 200, 130, 75, 7, and 3 times the ADI, respectively. The high exposure to acrolein is especially unsettling. This compound is not only a potent respiratory irritant, but qualifies, according to current studies, as a carcinogen.

Regulatory policy aims at restricting exposure to carcinogens to a level where the lifetime risk of cancer would not exceed 1 in 100,000 to 1,000,000. Due to a limited database, approximate upper lifetime risk values could be calculated for only 7 representative cigarette smoke carcinogens. The risk values were extraordinarily high, ranging from 1 in 6,000 to 1 in 16. Because of the awesome amount of carcinogens found in cigarette smoke and the fact that carcinogens combine their individual actions in an additive or even multiplicative fashion, it is not surprising that the actual risk for lung cancer is as high as one in ten. Hence, cancer is in a cigarette.

Among the worst offenders are the nitrosamines. Strictly regulated by federal agencies, their concentrations in beer, bacon, and baby bottle nipples must not exceed 5 to 10 parts per billion. A typical person ingests about one microgram a day, while the smokers' intake tops this by 17 times for each pack of cigarette smoked. In 1976, a rocket fuel manufacturer in the Baltimore area was emitting dimethylnitrosamine into the surrounding air, exposing the local inhabitants to an estimated 14 micrograms of the carcinogen per day. The plant was promptly shut down. However eagerly the government tries to protect us from outdoor pollution and the carcinogenic risk of consumer products, it blatantly suspends control if the offending chemical is in, or comes from, a cigarette. Hence, hypocrisy is in a cigarette.

But there is still more in a cigarette than addiction, poison, pollution, disease, and hypocrisy. A half century of aggressive promotion and sophisticated advertising that featured alluring role models from theater, film and sport, has invested the cigarette with an enticing imagery.

Imagery which captivates and seduces a growing youngster. The youngster, indispensable for being recruited into the future army of smokers, does not start to smoke cigarettes for the nicotine, but for the false promises they hold. Hence, deceit is in a cigarette. In summary, no drug ever ingested by humans can rival the long-term debilitating effects of tobacco; the carnage perpetuated by its purveyors; the merciless irreversibility of destiny once the victim contracts lung cancer or emphysema; the militant denial on the part of those who, with the support of stockholders and the sanction of governments, legally push their lethal merchandise across borders and continents killing every year two and one-half to three million people worldwide. All things added together: death is in a cigarette.

K. H. Ginzel, M.D., is Professor of Pharmacology and Toxicology at the University of Arkansas. His work is concentrated in the area of nicotine and its effects.


A Listing of 599 Ingredients Found in Cigarettes

Think there's nothing in cigarettes besides tobacco?  Think again.  "All Natural" doesn't by any means mean "All Tobacco".  The Federal Trade Commission tested the smoke that comes from burning cigarettes and they found more than 5,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke.   More than 40 of those cigarette ingredients are known to be human carcinogens - that means they cause cancer - not just in animals, but in humans too.

As if this isn’t a reason to Quit Smoking! Most cigarette ingredients can cause long-lasting harm to most of your bodily organs and provide the best reasons to quit smoking. If you’ve taken a few moments to glance through this quit smoking portal, you’ll encounter reason after reason to quit smoking from addiction to odor to long-lasting ill health effects such as cancer, oxygen deprivation, asthma, irritations, infections and fetus impairment. Now that you know the effects of smoking, we thought you’d like to know the cigarette ingredients responsible for causing those effects.

In addition to tobacco, which contains nicotine, the following  599 ingredients have been identified in tobacco industry documents as being added to tobacco in the manufacturing of cigarettes by the five major American cigarette manufacturing companies.  While some of these chemicals, such as sugars, vanilla extract, prune juice, and vinegar, are generally recognized as safe when used in food products, all produce numerous additional chemical compounds when burned.  None, probably, is more deadly than nicotine, however.

Trying to convince someone to quit?   Show them this list, or better yet, print it out and give it to them - maybe once they see all of the junk that they're putting into their bodies each time they smoke a cigarette, they'll reconsider. 

  • Acetanisole,
  • Acetic Acid,
  • Acetoin,
  • Acetophenone,
  • 6-Acetoxydihydrotheaspirane,
  • 2-Acetyl-3- Ethylpyrazine,
  • 2-Acetyl-5-Methylfuran,
  • Acetylpyrazine,
  • 2-Acetylpyridine,
  • 3-Acetylpyridine,
  • 2-Acetylthiazole,
  • Aconitic Acid,
  • dl-Alanine,
  • Alfalfa Extract,
  • Allspice Extract,
  • Oleoresin,
  • And Oil,
  • Allyl Hexanoate,
  • Allyl Ionone,
  • Almond Bitter Oil,
  • Ambergris Tincture,
  • Ammonia,
  • Ammonium Bicarbonate,
  • Ammonium Hydroxide,
  • Ammonium Phosphate Dibasic,
  • Ammonium Sulfide,
  • Amyl Alcohol,
  • Amyl Butyrate,
  • Amyl Formate,
  • Amyl Octanoate,
  • alpha-Amylcinnamaldehyde,
  • Amyris Oil,
  • trans-Anethole,
  • Angelica Root Extract, Oil and Seed Oil,
  • Anise,
  • Anise Star, Extract and Oils,
  • Anisyl Acetate,
  • Anisyl Alcohol,
  • Anisyl Formate,
  • Anisyl Phenylacetate,
  • Apple Juice Concentrate, Extract, and Skins,
  • Apricot Extract and Juice Concentrate,
  • 1-Arginine,
  • Asafetida Fluid Extract And Oil,
  • Ascorbic Acid,
  • 1-Asparagine Monohydrate,
  • 1-Aspartic Acid,
  • Balsam Peru and Oil,
  • Basil Oil,
  • Bay Leaf, Oil and Sweet Oil,
  • Beeswax White,
  • Beet Juice Concentrate,
  • Benzaldehyde,
  • Benzaldehyde Glyceryl Acetal,
  • Benzoic Acid, Benzoin,
  • Benzoin Resin,
  • Benzophenone,
  • Benzyl Alcohol,
  • Benzyl Benzoate,
  • Benzyl Butyrate,
  • Benzyl Cinnamate,
  • Benzyl Propionate,
  • Benzyl Salicylate,
  • Bergamot Oil,
  • Bisabolene,
  • Black Currant Buds Absolute,
  • Borneol,
  • Bornyl Acetate,
  • Buchu Leaf Oil,
  • 1,3-Butanediol,
  • 2,3-Butanedione,
  • 1-Butanol,
  • 2-Butanone,
  • 4(2-Butenylidene)-3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One,
  • Butter, Butter Esters, and Butter Oil,
  • Butyl Acetate,
  • Butyl Butyrate,
  • Butyl Butyryl Lactate,
  • Butyl Isovalerate,
  • Butyl Phenylacetate,
  • Butyl Undecylenate,
  • 3-Butylidenephthalide,
  • Butyric Acid,
  • Cadinene,
  • Caffeine,
  • Calcium Carbonate,
  • Camphene,
  • Cananga Oil,
  • Capsicum Oleoresin,
  • Caramel Color,
  • Caraway Oil,
  • Carbon Dioxide,
  • Cardamom Oleoresin, Extract, Seed Oil, and Powder,
  • Carob Bean and Extract,
  • beta-Carotene,
  • Carrot Oil,
  • Carvacrol,
  • 4-Carvomenthenol,
  • 1-Carvone,
  • beta-Caryophyllene,
  • beta-Caryophyllene Oxide,
  • Cascarilla Oil and Bark Extract,
  • Cassia Bark Oil,
  • Cassie Absolute and Oil,
  • Castoreum Extract, Tincture and Absolute,
  • Cedar Leaf Oil,
  • Cedarwood Oil Terpenes and Virginiana,
  • Cedrol,
  • Celery Seed Extract, Solid, Oil, And Oleoresin,
  • Cellulose Fiber,
  • Chamomile Flower Oil And Extract,
  • Chicory Extract,
  • Chocolate,
  • Cinnamaldehyde,
  • Cinnamic Acid,
  • Cinnamon Leaf Oil, Bark Oil, and Extract,
  • Cinnamyl Acetate,
  • Cinnamyl Alcohol,
  • Cinnamyl Cinnamate,
  • Cinnamyl Isovalerate,
  • Cinnamyl Propionate,
  • Citral,
  • Citric Acid,
  • Citronella Oil,
  • dl-Citronellol,
  • Citronellyl Butyrate,
  • Citronellyl Isobutyrate,
  • Civet Absolute,
  • Clary Oil,
  • Clover Tops, Red Solid Extract,
  • Cocoa,
  • Cocoa Shells, Extract, Distillate And Powder,
  • Coconut Oil,
  • Coffee,
  • Cognac White and Green Oil,
  • Copaiba Oil,
  • Coriander Extract and Oil,
  • Corn Oil,
  • Corn Silk,
  • Costus Root Oil,
  • Cubeb Oil,
  • Cuminaldehyde,
  • para-Cymene,
  • 1-Cysteine,
  • Dandelion Root Solid Extract,
  • Davana Oil,
  • 2-trans, 4-trans-Decadienal,
  • delta-Decalactone,
  • gamma-Decalactone,
  • Decanal,
  • Decanoic Acid,
  • 1-Decanol,
  • 2-Decenal,
  • Dehydromenthofurolactone,
  • Diethyl Malonate,
  • Diethyl Sebacate,
  • 2,3-Diethylpyrazine,
  • Dihydro Anethole,
  • 5,7-Dihydro-2-Methylthieno(3,4-D) Pyrimidine,
  • Dill Seed Oil and Extract,
  • meta-Dimethoxybenzene,
  • para-Dimethoxybenzene,
  • 2,6-Dimethoxyphenol,
  • Dimethyl Succinate,
  • 3,4-Dimethyl-1,2-Cyclopentanedione,
  • 3,5- Dimethyl-1,2-Cyclopentanedione,
  • 3,7-Dimethyl-1,3,6-Octatriene,
  • 4,5-Dimethyl-3-Hydroxy-2,5-Dihydrofuran-2-One,
  • 6,10-Dimethyl-5,9-Undecadien-2-One,
  • 3,7-Dimethyl-6-Octenoic Acid,
  • 2,4-Dimethylacetophenone,
  • alpha,para-Dimethylbenzyl Alcohol,
  • alpha,alpha-Dimethylphenethyl Acetate,
  • alpha,alpha Dimethylphenethyl Butyrate,
  • 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine,
  • 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine,
  • 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine,
  • Dimethyltetrahydrobenzofuranone,
  • delta-Dodecalactone,
  • gamma-Dodecalactone,
  • para-Ethoxybenzaldehyde,
  • Ethyl 10-Undecenoate,
  • Ethyl 2-Methylbutyrate,
  • Ethyl Acetate,
  • Ethyl Acetoacetate,
  • Ethyl Alcohol,
  • Ethyl Benzoate,
  • Ethyl Butyrate,
  • Ethyl Cinnamate,
  • Ethyl Decanoate,
  • Ethyl Fenchol,
  • Ethyl Furoate,
  • Ethyl Heptanoate,
  • Ethyl Hexanoate,
  • Ethyl Isovalerate,
  • Ethyl Lactate,
  • Ethyl Laurate,
  • Ethyl Levulinate,
  • Ethyl Maltol,
  • Ethyl Methyl Phenylglycidate,
  • Ethyl Myristate,
  • Ethyl Nonanoate,
  • Ethyl Octadecanoate,
  • Ethyl Octanoate,
  • Ethyl Oleate,
  • Ethyl Palmitate,
  • Ethyl Phenylacetate,
  • Ethyl Propionate,
  • Ethyl Salicylate,
  • Ethyl trans-2-Butenoate,
  • Ethyl Valerate,
  • Ethyl Vanillin,
  • 2-Ethyl (or Methyl)-(3,5 and 6)-Methoxypyrazine,
  • 2-Ethyl-1-Hexanol, 3-Ethyl -2 -Hydroxy-2-Cyclopenten-1-One,
  • 2-Ethyl-3, (5 or 6)-Dimethylpyrazine,
  • 5-Ethyl-3-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2(5H)-Furanone,
  • 2-Ethyl-3-Methylpyrazine,
  • 4-Ethylbenzaldehyde,
  • 4-Ethylguaiacol,
  • para-Ethylphenol,
  • 3-Ethylpyridine,
  • Eucalyptol,
  • Farnesol,
  • D-Fenchone,
  • Fennel Sweet Oil,
  • Fenugreek, Extract, Resin, and Absolute,
  • Fig Juice Concentrate,
  • Food Starch Modified,
  • Furfuryl Mercaptan,
  • 4-(2-Furyl)-3-Buten-2-One,
  • Galbanum Oil,
  • Genet Absolute,
  • Gentian Root Extract,
  • Geraniol,
  • Geranium Rose Oil,
  • Geranyl Acetate,
  • Geranyl Butyrate,
  • Geranyl Formate,
  • Geranyl Isovalerate,
  • Geranyl Phenylacetate,
  • Ginger Oil and Oleoresin,
  • 1-Glutamic Acid,
  • 1-Glutamine,
  • Glycerol,
  • Glycyrrhizin Ammoniated,
  • Grape Juice Concentrate,
  • Guaiac Wood Oil,
  • Guaiacol,
  • Guar Gum,
  • 2,4-Heptadienal,
  • gamma-Heptalactone,
  • Heptanoic Acid,
  • 2-Heptanone,
  • 3-Hepten-2-One,
  • 2-Hepten-4-One,
  • 4-Heptenal,
  • trans -2-Heptenal,
  • Heptyl Acetate,
  • omega-6-Hexadecenlactone,
  • gamma-Hexalactone,
  • Hexanal,
  • Hexanoic Acid,
  • 2-Hexen-1-Ol,
  • 3-Hexen-1-Ol,
  • cis-3-Hexen-1-Yl Acetate,
  • 2-Hexenal,
  • 3-Hexenoic Acid,
  • trans-2-Hexenoic Acid,
  • cis-3-Hexenyl Formate,
  • Hexyl 2-Methylbutyrate,
  • Hexyl Acetate,
  • Hexyl Alcohol,
  • Hexyl Phenylacetate,
  • 1-Histidine,
  • Honey,
  • Hops Oil,
  • Hydrolyzed Milk Solids,
  • Hydrolyzed Plant Proteins,
  • 5-Hydroxy-2,4-Decadienoic Acid delta- Lactone,
  • 4-Hydroxy-2,5-Dimethyl-3(2H)-Furanone,
  • 2-Hydroxy-3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One,
  • 4-Hydroxy -3-Pentenoic Acid Lactone,
  • 2-Hydroxy-4-Methylbenzaldehyde,
  • 4-Hydroxybutanoic Acid Lactone,
  • Hydroxycitronellal,
  • 6-Hydroxydihydrotheaspirane,
  • 4-(para-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-Butanone,
  • Hyssop Oil,
  • Immortelle Absolute and Extract,
  • alpha-Ionone,
  • beta-Ionone,
  • alpha-Irone,
  • Isoamyl Acetate,
  • Isoamyl Benzoate,
  • Isoamyl Butyrate,
  • Isoamyl Cinnamate,
  • Isoamyl Formate, Isoamyl Hexanoate,
  • Isoamyl Isovalerate,
  • Isoamyl Octanoate,
  • Isoamyl Phenylacetate,
  • Isobornyl Acetate,
  • Isobutyl Acetate,
  • Isobutyl Alcohol,
  • Isobutyl Cinnamate,
  • Isobutyl Phenylacetate,
  • Isobutyl Salicylate,
  • 2-Isobutyl-3-Methoxypyrazine,
  • alpha-Isobutylphenethyl Alcohol,
  • Isobutyraldehyde,
  • Isobutyric Acid,
  • d,l-Isoleucine,
  • alpha-Isomethylionone,
  • 2-Isopropylphenol,
  • Isovaleric Acid,
  • Jasmine Absolute, Concrete and Oil,
  • Kola Nut Extract,
  • Labdanum Absolute and Oleoresin,
  • Lactic Acid,
  • Lauric Acid,
  • Lauric Aldehyde,
  • Lavandin Oil,
  • Lavender Oil,
  • Lemon Oil and Extract,
  • Lemongrass Oil,
  • 1-Leucine,
  • Levulinic Acid,
  • Licorice Root, Fluid, Extract and Powder,
  • Lime Oil ,
  • Linalool,
  • Linalool Oxide,
  • Linalyl Acetate,
  • Linden Flowers,
  • Lovage Oil And Extract,
  • 1-Lysine,
  • Mace Powder, Extract and Oil ,
  • Magnesium Carbonate,
  • Malic Acid,
  • Malt and Malt Extract,
  • Maltodextrin,
  • Maltol,
  • Maltyl Isobutyrate,
  • Mandarin Oil,
  • Maple Syrup and Concentrate,
  • Mate Leaf, Absolute and Oil,
  • para-Mentha-8-Thiol-3-One,
  • Menthol,
  • Menthone,
  • Menthyl Acetate,
  • dl-Methionine,
  • Methoprene,
  • 2-Methoxy-4-Methylphenol,
  • 2-Methoxy-4-Vinylphenol,
  • para-Methoxybenzaldehyde,
  • 1-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-1-Penten-3-One,
  • 4-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-2-Butanone,
  • 1-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-2-Propanone,
  • Methoxypyrazine,
  • Methyl 2-Furoate,
  • Methyl 2-Octynoate,
  • Methyl 2-Pyrrolyl Ketone,
  • Methyl Anisate,
  • Methyl Anthranilate,
  • Methyl Benzoate,
  • Methyl Cinnamate,
  • Methyl Dihydrojasmonate,
  • Methyl Ester of Rosin, Partially Hydrogenated,
  • Methyl Isovalerate,
  • Methyl Linoleate (48%),
  • Methyl Linolenate (52%) Mixture,
  • Methyl Naphthyl Ketone,
  • Methyl Nicotinate,
  • Methyl Phenylacetate,
  • Methyl Salicylate,
  • Methyl Sulfide,
  • 3-Methyl-1-Cyclopentadecanone,
  • 4-Methyl-1-Phenyl-2-Pentanone,
  • 5-Methyl-2-Phenyl-2-Hexenal,
  • 5-Methyl-2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde,
  • 6-Methyl-3,-5-Heptadien-2-One,
  • 2-Methyl-3-(para-Isopropylphenyl) Propionaldehyde,
  • 5-Methyl-3-Hexen-2-One,
  • 1-Methyl-3Methoxy-4-Isopropylbenzene,
  • 4-Methyl-3-Pentene-2-One,
  • 2-Methyl-4-Phenylbutyraldehyde,
  • 6-Methyl-5-Hepten-2-One,
  • 4-Methyl-5-Thiazoleethanol,
  • 4-Methyl-5-Vinylthiazole,
  • Methyl-alpha-Ionone,
  • Methyl-trans-2-Butenoic Acid,
  • 4-Methylacetophenone,
  • para-Methylanisole,
  • alpha-Methylbenzyl Acetate,
  • alpha-Methylbenzyl Alcohol,
  • 2-Methylbutyraldehyde,
  • 3-Methylbutyraldehyde,
  • 2-Methylbutyric Acid,
  • alpha-Methylcinnamaldehyde,
  • Methylcyclopentenolone,
  • 2-Methylheptanoic Acid,
  • 2-Methylhexanoic Acid,
  • 3-Methylpentanoic Acid,
  • 4-Methylpentanoic Acid,
  • 2-Methylpyrazine,
  • 5-Methylquinoxaline,
  • 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran-3-One,
  • (Methylthio)Methylpyrazine (Mixture Of Isomers),
  • 3-Methylthiopropionaldehyde,
  • Methyl 3-Methylthiopropionate,
  • 2-Methylvaleric Acid,
  • Mimosa Absolute and Extract,
  • Molasses Extract and Tincture,
  • Mountain Maple Solid Extract,
  • Mullein Flowers,
  • Myristaldehyde,
  • Myristic Acid,
  • Myrrh Oil,
  • beta-Napthyl Ethyl Ether,
  • Nerol,
  • Neroli Bigarde Oil,
  • Nerolidol,
  • Nona-2-trans,6-cis-Dienal,
  • 2,6-Nonadien-1-Ol,
  • gamma-Nonalactone,
  • Nonanal,
  • Nonanoic Acid,
  • Nonanone,
  • trans-2-Nonen-1-Ol,
  • 2-Nonenal,
  • Nonyl Acetate,
  • Nutmeg Powder and Oil,
  • Oak Chips Extract and Oil,
  • Oak Moss Absolute,
  • 9,12-Octadecadienoic Acid (48%) And 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic Acid (52%),
  • delta-Octalactone,
  • gamma-Octalactone,
  • Octanal,
  • Octanoic Acid,
  • 1-Octanol,
  • 2-Octanone,
  • 3-Octen-2-One,
  • 1-Octen-3-Ol,
  • 1-Octen-3-Yl Acetate,
  • 2-Octenal,
  • Octyl Isobutyrate,
  • Oleic Acid ,
  • Olibanum Oil,
  • Opoponax Oil And Gum,
  • Orange Blossoms Water, Absolute, and Leaf Absolute,
  • Orange Oil and Extract,
  • Origanum Oil,
  • Orris Concrete Oil and Root Extract,
  • Palmarosa Oil,
  • Palmitic Acid,
  • Parsley Seed Oil,
  • Patchouli Oil,
  • omega-Pentadecalactone,
  • 2,3-Pentanedione,
  • 2-Pentanone,
  • 4-Pentenoic Acid,
  • 2-Pentylpyridine,
  • Pepper Oil, Black And White,
  • Peppermint Oil,
  • Peruvian (Bois De Rose) Oil,
  • Petitgrain Absolute, Mandarin Oil and Terpeneless Oil,
  • alpha-Phellandrene,
  • 2-Phenenthyl Acetate,
  • Phenenthyl Alcohol,
  • Phenethyl Butyrate,
  • Phenethyl Cinnamate,
  • Phenethyl Isobutyrate,
  • Phenethyl Isovalerate,
  • Phenethyl Phenylacetate,
  • Phenethyl Salicylate,
  • 1-Phenyl-1-Propanol,
  • 3-Phenyl-1-Propanol,
  • 2-Phenyl-2-Butenal,
  • 4-Phenyl-3-Buten-2-Ol,
  • 4-Phenyl-3-Buten-2-One,
  • Phenylacetaldehyde,
  • Phenylacetic Acid,
  • 1-Phenylalanine,
  • 3-Phenylpropionaldehyde,
  • 3-Phenylpropionic Acid,
  • 3-Phenylpropyl Acetate,
  • 3-Phenylpropyl Cinnamate,
  • 2-(3-Phenylpropyl)Tetrahydrofuran,
  • Phosphoric Acid,
  • Pimenta Leaf Oil,
  • Pine Needle Oil, Pine Oil, Scotch,
  • Pineapple Juice Concentrate,
  • alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene,
  • D-Piperitone,
  • Piperonal,
  • Pipsissewa Leaf Extract,
  • Plum Juice,
  • Potassium Sorbate,
  • 1-Proline,
  • Propenylguaethol,
  • Propionic Acid,
  • Propyl Acetate,
  • Propyl para-Hydroxybenzoate,
  • Propylene Glycol,
  • 3-Propylidenephthalide,
  • Prune Juice and Concentrate,
  • Pyridine,
  • Pyroligneous Acid And Extract,
  • Pyrrole,
  • Pyruvic Acid,
  • Raisin Juice Concentrate,
  • Rhodinol,
  • Rose Absolute and Oil,
  • Rosemary Oil,
  • Rum,
  • Rum Ether,
  • Rye Extract,
  • Sage, Sage Oil, and Sage Oleoresin,
  • Salicylaldehyde,
  • Sandalwood Oil, Yellow,
  • Sclareolide,
  • Skatole,
  • Smoke Flavor,
  • Snakeroot Oil,
  • Sodium Acetate,
  • Sodium Benzoate,
  • Sodium Bicarbonate,
  • Sodium Carbonate,
  • Sodium Chloride,
  • Sodium Citrate,
  • Sodium Hydroxide,
  • Solanone,
  • Spearmint Oil,
  • Styrax Extract, Gum and Oil,
  • Sucrose Octaacetate,
  • Sugar Alcohols,
  • Sugars,
  • Tagetes Oil,
  • Tannic Acid,
  • Tartaric Acid,
  • Tea Leaf and Absolute,
  • alpha-Terpineol,
  • Terpinolene,
  • Terpinyl Acetate,
  • 5,6,7,8-Tetrahydroquinoxaline,
  • 1,5,5,9-Tetramethyl-13-Oxatricyclo(,9))Tridecane,
  • 2,3,4,5, and 3,4,5,6-Tetramethylethyl-Cyclohexanone,
  • 2,3,5,6-Tetramethylpyrazine,
  • Thiamine Hydrochloride,
  • Thiazole,
  • 1-Threonine,
  • Thyme Oil, White and Red,
  • Thymol,
  • Tobacco Extracts,
  • Tochopherols (mixed),
  • Tolu Balsam Gum and Extract,
  • Tolualdehydes,
  • para-Tolyl 3-Methylbutyrate,
  • para-Tolyl Acetaldehyde,
  • para-Tolyl Acetate,
  • para-Tolyl Isobutyrate,
  • para-Tolyl Phenylacetate,
  • Triacetin,
  • 2-Tridecanone,
  • 2-Tridecenal,
  • Triethyl Citrate,
  • 3,5,5-Trimethyl -1-Hexanol,
  • para,alpha,alpha-Trimethylbenzyl Alcohol,
  • 4-(2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohex-1-Enyl)But-2-En-4-One,
  • 2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohex-2-Ene-1,4-Dione,
  • 2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohexa-1,3-Dienyl Methan,
  • 4-(2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohexa-1,3-Dienyl)But-2-En-4-One,
  • 2,2,6-Trimethylcyclohexanone,
  • 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine,
  • 1-Tyrosine,
  • delta-Undercalactone,
  • gamma-Undecalactone,
  • Undecanal,
  • 2-Undecanone, 1
  • 0-Undecenal,
  • Urea,
  • Valencene,
  • Valeraldehyde,
  • Valerian Root Extract, Oil and Powder,
  • Valeric Acid,
  • gamma-Valerolactone,
  • Valine,
  • Vanilla Extract And Oleoresin,
  • Vanillin,
  • Veratraldehyde,
  • Vetiver Oil,
  • Vinegar,
  • Violet Leaf Absolute,
  • Walnut Hull Extract,
  • Water,
  • Wheat Extract And Flour,
  • Wild Cherry Bark Extract,
  • Wine and Wine Sherry,
  • Xanthan Gum,
  • 3,4-Xylenol,
  • Yeast

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